Who are we?
The Ultrasound Medical and Industrial Laboratory (UMIL) works on developing Ultrasound-based techniques for both medical and industrial applications.
Some of the ongoing research in the UMIL includes:
- Ultrasonic focused beams for tissue characterization and therapy.
- Transcranial propagation of ultrasound.
- Magneto-Motive Ultrasound and photoacoustic Imaging.
- Ultrasonic technology applied to odontology.
- Ultrasound industrial applications.
The UMIL is located in the Ciutat Politècnica de la Innovació at the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) and is part of the Instituto de Instrumentación para Imagen Molecular (i3M). If you have any additional inquiries, or if you would be interested in collaborating with our laboratory, please feel free to contact us.
Francisco Camarena, PhD. Group leader
PhD in Physics by Universitat de València. Permanent researcher at i3M and associate professor at department of Applied Physics at UPV. Head of the UMIL. Director of the Unidad Científica de Innovación Empresarial at i3M, funded by the Agència Valenciana de la Innovacio. Director of the IVIO Chair, dedicated to the promotion, research and transfer of scientific and technological knowledge in the field of odontology.
José M Benlloch, PhD. I3M director
Research Professor at Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Valencia (Spain). PhD in Fundamental Physics. He worked at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Chicago, EEUU and CERN (Geneva, Switzerland) on DELPHI collaboration. He also was part of the CDF collaboration who in 1995 discover the quark top elemental particle. He worked as staff member at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1991-1996). In 2010 he founded and he currently is the director of the Instituto de Instrumentación para Imagen Molecular (I3M).
Noé Jiménez, PhD. Post-doc researcher
BSc in Telecommunication, MSc in Acoustics and PhD in “nonlinear acoustic waves in complex media” by the Universitat Politècnica de València in 2015. In 2014 I worked for the European Space Agency for noise control at launch pad using periodic structures. In 2015 I joined the French CNRS (UMR6613) for a post-doctoral position to research on acoustic metamaterials. I have been visiting researcher at Columbia University (NY, USA) and at the University of Salford (Manchester, UK). Currently I’m post-doctoral researcher at i3M. My research interest concerns from fundamental research in waves in complex and structured media to biomedical ultrasound applications.
Alejandro Cebrecos, PhD. Post-doc researcher
I finished my undergraduate studies in 2011 (BSc in Telecommunication, Sound and Image, MSc in Acoustics) and developed my PhD in Phononic Crystals and acoustic metamaterials at Universitat Politècnica de València, awarded in 2015. Thereafter I joined the French CNRS Laboratoire d’Acoustique de l’Université du Mans for a 3-year postdoc. I was visiting scholar at the University of Colorado at Boulder during 9 months in 2014. Nowadays I am devoted to the development of Magneto-Motive Ultrasound and Photoacoustic Tomography systems for biomedical imaging.
Juan J. García Garrigós, PhD. Post-Doc Researcher
PhD in Electronic Engineering from Universitat Politècnica de València (2013), MSc in Electronic Engineering, MSc in Artificial Intelligenge and BSc in Theoretical Physics from Universitat de València. He first worked in the industry as R&D engineer on biometric access control systems for Fermax Electrónica. He made his thesis on Beam Instrumentation for the next generation lepton colliders (CLIC-CTF3 collab.) in the Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC, Valencia) and CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). He was project associate researcher at CERN in the Beams department for the LHC until 2014. Post-doctoral researcher at i3M since 2015, he is now focused on biomedical laser applications and photoacoustic imaging.
Diego Miguez Abad, PhD. Post-Doc researcher.
BSc in Electronic Engineering at Universidade de Vigo; and BSc in Telecommunication Engineering and MSc in Acoustic Engineering at Universitat Politècnica de València (2011). After working as Laboratory Technician at UPV for 2 years, I secured a PhD studentship at Manchester Metropolitan University titled: “Ultrasonography for the prediction of musculoskeletal function” in which I applied Machine Learning algorithms to predict the strength of contracting muscles from dynamic data extracted from Ultrasound imaging. I later worked as R&D engineer in a UK government funded KTP project bringing research to Industry before I joined i3M in 2019. I am currently working as a Postdoctoral Researcher for the design and development of non-invasive ultrasound devices for the treatment of neurological diseases.
Josep Rodriguez-Sendra, MSc. PhD student
BSc in Telecomunication (2014) and MSc in Acoustics (2015) by the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV). In 2016 I enrolled the team Ultrasound Medical and Industrial Laboratory (UMIL) at I3M to research on ultrasonic technology applied to odontology, funded by the IVIO-UPV Chair. Since 2017 I’m PhD student at i3M, focused on ultrasonic monitoring of the guided-bone regeneration processes for oral implantology.
Sergio Jiménez Gambín, MSc. PhD student
BSc in Telecommunication at the University of Alicante in 2015. Under a research internship, I have worked on the detection of accelerated corrosion in concrete using non-linear based-ultrasound techniques. In 2016, I received a MSc in Acoustic engineering at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Since 2017, I’m a PhD student at i3M working on focused ultrasound modelling and hologram generation for therapeutic transcranial ultrasound, funded by an FPI grant of the Generalitat Valenciana.
Diana Andrés Bautista, MSc. PhD student
I received my Degree in Physics at the University of Valencia in 2018. In October 2018 I joined Santander Bank Fellowship on Data Science in Madrid, where I obtained a MSc in Big Data and Data Science. In 2020, I received a MSc in Medical Physics at the University of Valencia. Since October 2019, I am working on focused ultrasound modelling and ultrasonic hologram generation applied to transcranial therapies at the i3M as part of the JAE-Intro Fellowship of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). From September 2020 I am PhD student in the same group granted with an FPU fellowship from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (MCIU).
Nathalie Lamothe, MSc. PhD student
Recently arrived in Valencia, I’m from France where I began my studies at the Superior School of Audiovisual Performance (ESRA) in Paris, with a specialization in sound. Later, I completed the Master’s Degree in Acoustic Engineering at the University of Le Mans where I ended up specializing in the research field. After working on different projects at the research laboratory of Le Mans, LAUM (Laboratoire d’Acoustique de l’Université du Maine), I decided to start a PhD with the ultrasound group of the i3M in Valencia in 2019.
M. Consuelo Barrantes, MSc. PhD student
BSc in Physics at the University of Valencia in 2018. I received a MSc in Biomedical Engineering at the University of the Basque Country (2019). Since 2020 I’m PhD student at the team Ultrasound medical and Industrial Laboratory (UMIL) and I’m working with photoacoustic imaging and their applications for biomedical imaging.
Irene Pi Martin, JAE student
I have studied the Biomedical Engineering degree and I did my specialization in the branch of Diagnostic and Therapy Devices. Nowadays, I am studying the master’s degree in Biomedical Engineering at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Currently, I am also enjoying a JAE scholarship in this group, thanks to which I am getting to know in depth ultrasounds and their multiple applications in the field of medicine. My work here focuses on methods involving photoacoustics.
Andreu Descals Oller, MSc. Research technician
I did my undergraduate studies at the Polytechnic University of Valencia, where I also got a master’s degree in Industrial Engineering. I’m currently involved in the research and technical support at the Ultrasound Medical and Industrial Laboratory (UMIL), with special focus on hybrid imaging techniques and, in particular, on photoacoustic imaging.
Rafael Tarazona, MSc. Research staff
I have a bachelor’s degree in Technical Industrial Engineering specialized on industrial electronics, and a Master’s Degree in Electronic Systems Engineering from the Polytechnic University of Valencia. I have been working as an Automation engineer for 7 years in Metallurgical industry. Currently I’m involved in the research and technical support at the Ultrasound Medical and Industrial Laboratory of the i3M.
- Transcranial propagation of therapeutic ultrasound
- Hybrid ultrasonic imaging techniques
- Ultrasonic technology applied to odontology
- Therapeutic ultrasonic beams
- Industrial ultrasound applications
Transcranial propagation of therapeutic ultrasound
At the UMIL of the I3M we develop focused transcranial ultrasound devices and protocols for the treatment of neurological disorders.
Holograms and metasurfaces for transcranial focusing
In this research line we develop passive focusing methods based on acoustic holograms to produce focused beams inside the central nervous system (CNS). In particular, we are able to produce beams whose spatial distribution fits a target CNS structure of arbitrary shape. In this way, using 3D-printed holographic lenses at UMIL we are developing low-cost focusing systems that will help to disseminate incoming therapeutic ultrasound techniques as neuromodulation or blood-brain barrier opening to treat neurological disorders.
Transcranial ultrasound for blood-brain barrier opening
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricts the diffusion of microscopic objects, e.g., protecting the brain from infections. However, it also prevents the passage of most therapeutic drugs. BBB disruption can be achieved by using transcranial focused ultrasound and microbubble injection in an effective, non-invasive, transient, localized and safe manner. Thus, the BBB opening enables drug delivering to specific areas of the brain, which is mandatory in research of treatments for neurological disorders as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s diseases. At the UMIL we develop simulations and experiments to define a protocol for the transcranial targeting of the hippocampus of an adult human by using a single-element focused transducer.
Hybrid ultrasonic imaging techniques
At the UMIL of the I3M we develop hybrid ultrasound imaging techniques, combining ultrasound with additional physical mechanisms to go a step beyond standard US imaging techniques.
Magneto-Motive ultrasound imaging
Magneto-Motive ultrasound imaging detects the presence of superparamagnetic nanoparticles through their mechanical responses to an external transient magnetic excitation. Due to their weak diamagnetic properties, normal tissue constituents do not respond to the magnetic field. However, when tissue is labeled with magnetic nanoparticles, it tends to move towards areas of lower magnetic potential. The magnetically-induced displacement within nanoparticles and the tissue associated with them is detectable by ultrasound imaging. At UMIL we are already developing a first prototype for magnetic nanoparticle detection.
Photoacoustic imaging techniques
When an ultrashort and intense laser illuminates light absorbing materials, a part of the absorbed energy produces locally ultrasonic pulses due to thermoelastic effect. These signals are detected and can be used to reconstruct an image that take into account the absorbance of the tissue. In this way, as the absorbance spectrum varies between tissues, it enables the ultrasonic imaging at molecular level.
(Left): Experimental setup of the laser diode-based Photoacoustic Imaging system developed at the UMIL research group, featuring a laser diode, a phased array system and a 3D motorized axis. (Right). Experimental MMUS system including a B-scan of a gelatin phantom with a metallic sphere embedded in it (see the metallic sphere in the middle of the B-scan image).
Ultrasonic elastography is a well-established diagnostic tool for pathologies such as liver fibrosis. At the UMIL we are developing novel elastographic techniques using acoustic radiation force and hybrid techniques.
Ultrasonic technology applied to odontology
In collaboration with the Valencian Institute of Dental Research (IVIO), within the framework of IVIO-UPVChair, we develop new ultrasonic techniques for monitoring, diagnosis and treatment in the field of dentistry.
Monitoring guided-bone regeneration during implantation
In particular, we develop ultrasonic characterization methods for guided bone regeneration during implantation in odontology. We aim to characterize the complete regeneration process using ultrasound to guide the treatment, optimize implantation and avoid or detect complications. The use of ultrasound is desirable as it is low cost and non-ionizing radiation, thus, it can be employed to monitor long healing treatments without the risks associated to X-Ray Computed Tomography imaging techniques.
Ultrasonic characterization of teeth and synthetic bone-grafts
Moreover, ongoing research is developed at UMIL to quantitatively characterize the mechanical properties of teeth, e.g., demineralization, and synthetic bone-graft materials using ultrasonic techniques.
Therapeutic ultrasonic beams
Focused ultrasound beams are commonly used for imaging and therapy. At the UMIL of the I3M we study the propagation of focused ultrasonic beams travelling through biological tissues, from small amplitudes to high intensity (nonlinear) ultrasound.
Simulation methods for linear and nonlinear wave propagation
We develop computational methods to model nonlinear acoustic propagation of focused ultrasound beams, as well their associated acoustic radiation forces and thermal patterns. The purpose of this research line is to understand the mechanisms that affect the ultrasonic propagation in a realistic environment shedding light to develop new imaging and therapy techniques.
Industrial applications of ultrasound
Beyond the medical use of ultrasound industrial applications are developed at UMIL, mostly under agreement and contracts with private companies.
Ultrasonic applications for the food industry (AVI)
Funded by the “Agència Valenciana de la Innovació” we develop industrial applications of ultrasound for food texture and quality characterization through the Unitat Científica d’Innovació Empresarial of the UPV at i3M, which is currently dedicated to convert the knowledge of the whole research institute into innovations usable by the companies, as well as to facilitate its transfer to through license concessions, business creation and collaboration in R&D+i projects with companies.
Transducers for industrial applications
Our group has a long experience in developing custom ultrasonic sensors and actuators for specific industrial applications. We are open to design, optimize and fabricate transducers on request for industrial applications.
Ultrasonic monitoring of dentin demineralization. Josep Rodríguez-Sendra, Inés Torres, Noé Jiménez, Salvatore Sauro, Francisco Camarena. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control (2020)
Generating Bessel beams with broad depth-of-field by using phase-only acoustic holograms. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. Scientific Reports, Volume 9 (1), (2019)
On the Evaluation of the Suitability of the Materials Used to 3D Print Holographic Acoustic Lenses to Correct Transcranial Focused Ultrasound Aberrations.M Ferri, JM Bravo, J Redondo, S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, F Camarena, JV Sánchez-Pérez. Polymers, Volume 11 (9), (2019)
Efecto del método de definición de las propiedades acústicas del cráneo humano en la propagación focalizada de ultrasonidos. S. Jiménez-Gambín, N. Jiménez, F. Camarena. Revista de Acústica, Volume 50 (1-2), (2019)
Holograms to focus arbitrary ultrasonic fields through the skull. Sergio Jiménez-Gambín, Noé Jiménez, José María Benlloch, Francisco Camarena. Physical Review Applied, Volume 12 (1), (2019)
Monitoring the setting of calcium sulphate bone-graft substitute using ultrasonic backscattering. Josep Rodriguez-Sendra, Noe Jimenez, Ruben Pico, Joan Faus, Francisco Camarena. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Volume 66 (10), (2019)
Modelling ceramics and piezoelectric transducers vibrating in thickness mode using transfer matrices. Noé Jiménez, Francisco Camarena. Modelling in Science Education and Learning Volume 12 (1), (2019).
Sharp acoustic vortex focusing by Fresnel-spiral zone plates. Noe Jimenez, Vicente Romero; Luis M. García Raffi; Francisco Camarena; Kestutis Staliunas. Applied Physics Letters. pp. 204101(1)-204101(5) (2018).
Design and performance of a metal-shielded piezoelectric sensor. Á. Sáenz de Inestrillas, F. Camarena, M. Bou-Cabo, J. Barreiro, A. Reig. Sensors, 17(6), 1284 (2017).
Dynamic nonlinear focal shift in amplitude modulated moderately focused acoustic beams. Jimenez, F. Camarena, N. González-Salido, Ultrasonics 1 (75) 106-114 (2016).
Time-Domain Simulation of Ultrasound Propagation in a Tissue-Like Medium Based on the Resolution of the Nonlinear Acoustic Constitutive Relations. Jimenez, F. Camarena, J. Redondo, V. Sánchez, E. Konofagou. Acta acustica united with Acustica (12) 876–892 (2016).
Radiation-force-based estimation of acoustic attenuation using harmonic motion imaging (HMI) in phantoms and in vitro livers before and after HIFU ablation. Jiangang, G. H. Hou, F. Marquet, Y. Han, F. Camarena, E. Konofagou. Physics in Medicine and Biology (6) 7499–7512 (2015).
Nonlinear focal shift beyond the geometrical focus in moderately focused acoustic beams. Camarena, S. Adrián-Martínez, N. Jimenez, V. Sánchez. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2 (137), 1463–1472 (2013).
Explicit finite-difference time-domain scheme for the simulation of 1-3 piezoelectric effect in axisymmetrical configurations. Ferri, F. Camarena, J. Redondo, R. Picó, M. R. Avis. Wave Motion, 6 (49), 569 – 584 (2012).
Acoustic Holograms Allow the Generation of Complex Fields Inside the Central Nervous System. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. IUS 2019: IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (2019).
Transcranial focusing of arbitrary ultrasonic fields using acoustic holograms. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. ICA 2019: 23rd International Congress on Acoustics (2019).
Transcranial acoustic holograms for arbitrary fields generation using focused ultrasound into the brain. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. ICU 2019: International Congress on Ultrasonics (2019).
Magnetic force induced vibration of a ferromagnetic sphere for viscoelastic media characterization. Alejandro Cebrecos, Miguel Company, Noé Jiménez, José María Benlloch, Francisco Camarena. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics ICU. Volume 38 (1). (2019)
Calcium sulfate setting monitoring with ultrasonic backscattering analysis. Josep Rodríguez-Sendra, Noé Jiménez, Rubén Pico, Joan Faus, Francisco Camarena .Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics ICU, Volume 38 (1), (2019)
Focused ultrasound beyond phased-arrays: acoustic holographic lenses enable transcranial focusing of arbitrary fields at the central-nervous system. N Jiménez, S Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. RSEF 2019: XXXVII Reunión Bienal de la Real Sociedad Española de Física (2019).
Study of the effect of cranial holes due to emissary veins and inhomogeneities in the thickness of the skull when focusing a transcranial ultrasound beam. MC Dejoz-Díez, S Jiménez-Gambín, A Marin, N Jiménez, F Camarena. ISTU 2019: 19th International Symposium for Therapeutic Ultrasound (2019).
Optimal overlapping protocol and robustness assessment of blood-brain barrier opening in humans using a single-element focused ultrasound transducer. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, A Marin, F Camarena. ISTU 2019: 19th International Symposium for Therapeutic Ultrasound (2019).
Acoustic holograms for transcranial focusing of arbitrary ultrasonic fields into the brain. S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F Camarena. ISTU 2019: 19th International Symposium for Therapeutic Ultrasound (2019).
Ultrasonic Holograms in the Brain. F Camarena, S Jiménez-Gambín, N Jiménez, JM Benlloch. MEDAMI 2019: VI Mediterranean Thematic Workshop in Advanced Molecular Imaging.
A new transport and preservation medical device for liver transplantation. MB Jiménez-Castro, F Camarena, N Jiménez, ME Cornide-Petronio, J Gracia-Sancho, C Peralta. AEEH 2019: 44th Meeting of the Spanish Association for the Study of the Liver.
Transport and preservation of liver in a revolutionary medical device. Jiménez, F. Camarena, M.E. Cornide, N. Jiménez, J. Gulfo, C. Peralta. 27th International Congress of the Transplantation Society (TTS 2018).
Vórtices acústicos altamente focalizados mediante espirales de Fresnel. Jiménez, V. Romero, LM Garcia-Raffi, F. Camarena, K. Staliunas. 49º Congreso Español de Acústica. Tecniacústica 2018.
Magnetismo y acústica: caracterización viscoelástica mediante sistemas magnético-ultrasónicos. Company, N. Jiménez, JM Benlloch, F. Camarena. 49º Congreso Español de Acústica. Tecniacústica 2018.
Efectos del método de obtención de las propiedades acústicas de cráneo humano en la propagación focalizada de ultrasonidos. Jiménez-Gambín, N. Jiménez, F. Camarena. 49º Congreso Español de Acústica. Tecniacústica 2018.
Monitoring the setting of bone cements using ultrasonic backscattering. Rodríguez-Sendra, N. Jiménez, R. Picó, J. Faus, F. Camarena. 49º Congreso Español de Acústica. Tecniacústica 2018.
Strongly focused vortex beams by using flat Fresnel-spiral lenses. Jiménez, V. Romero, L.M. Garcia-Raffi, F. Camarena, K. Staliunas. 176th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (2018).
Estudio de la mejora de sensibilidad de un sensor piezoeléctrico encapsulado utilizando resonadores acústicos y bocinas. Sáenz de Inestrillas, J.M. Barreiro, J. Rodríguez, F. Camarena. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Caracterización de medios viscoelásticos mediante la técnica Magneto-Motive Ultrasound. Company, S. Jiménez-Gambín, J.M. Benlloch, F. Camarena. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Estudio del BUA y del SOS en soluciones acuosas para aplicaciones odontológicas. J.Rodríguez, A. Ladino, J. Faus, R. Picó, A. Sáenz de Inestrillas, F. Camarena. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Estudio numérico del protocolo de propagación transcraneal de ultrasonidos para la apertura de la barrera hematoencefálica en el hipocampo de humano. Jiménez-Gambín, N. Jiménez, M. Company, F. Camarena. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Fuerza de radiación en haces focalizados de ultrasonidos de amplitud modulada barrera hematoencefálica en el hipocampo de humano. N. Jiménez, F. Camarena, N. González-Salido, S. Jiménez-Gambín. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Desarrollo de un sistema ultrasónico de potencia para aplicaciones médicas en animales pequeños. Bailén, F. Camarena, F. Camarena, S. Jiménez-Gambín, M. Company. 48º Congreso Español de Acústica Tecniacústica. A Coruña, Spain (2017).
Study of aberrations at the focus of an ultrasonic beam due to the propagation across different areas of the skull. Jiménez-Gambín, N. Jimenez, W. Shih-Ying Wu, E. Konofagou, F. Camarena. 5th International Symposium on Focused Ultrasound. North Bethesda, USA (2016). Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound 2016 4(Suppl 1):76
Jiménez, Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Complex Media, Universitat Politècnica València, June 2015.
Ongoing PhD thesis:
- Jiménez-Gambín, Propagación transcraneal de ultrasonidos para la apertura de la barrera hematoencefálica. Universitat Politècnica València.
- Rodríguez-Sendra, Monitorización ultrasónica del proceso de regeneración ósea guiada en implantología oral. Universitat Politècnica València.
- M. Consuelo Barrantes, Photoacoustic Imaging studies with innovative biocompatible nanoparticles.
- Diana Andrés Bautista, Hologramas ultrasónicos transcraneales para el tratamiento de enfermedades neurológicas.
- Rafa Tarazona, Imagen molecular elastográfica empleando técnicas híbridas basadas en ultrasonidos.
- Nathalie Lamothe, Towards quantitative cavitation mapping for transcranial ultrasound holographic therapy.
We offer PhD and Post-Doc positions, plus summer and Masters projects for undergraduates.
Undergraduate and Masters projects
Please send a CV to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please also indicate the period over which you would like to undertake the project.
Excellent students with a keen interest in ultrasonic, acoustics and/or medical physics are encouraged to apply at any time. Please send a Curriculum Vitae to email@example.com interested. This should include information about prior education, previous research which you have performed.
We welcome applications from motivated and capable researchers with a strong background in ultrasound. Please send a Curriculum Vitae to firstname.lastname@example.org interested. This should include information about prior education, previous research which you have performed, and the name and contact addresses of two referees.
Valued research experience – PhD and PostDoc
Knowledge in the following areas will be highly valued:
- Background in medical imaging (ultrasound, MRI, PET, CT, etc), NDT and acoustics.
- Design and characterization of ultrasonic and acoustic systems.
- Numerical simulation of acoustic, ultrasonic or elastic waves.
- Multiphysics numerical simulations using COMSOL/Ansys.
- Programming skills for ultrasound imaging and beamforming, in particular using VERASONICS systems.
- Programming Graphical User Interfaces and software for instrumentation control using LabVIEW/Matlab.
- CAD design using AutoCAD/SolidWorks.
- Laser instrumentation and experiments.
- Digital acquisition systems, programming for experimental control.
- Digital/Analog electronics, design of circuits.